Either near oil sands mines in the mini-refineries known as upgraders or farther south after the bitumen has reached Midwestern or Gulf Coast refineries, its long, tarry hydrocarbon chains are cracked into the shorter, lighter hydrocarbons used as gasoline, diesel and jet fuel.
At the time, our all in energy ratio to produce a barrel of oil was about 1 to 6. The construction of the pipeline itself destroys forest, but such a move could also fuel further development of the tar sands.
So refiners—anywhere on the planet—will charge Alberta producers more to process each barrel of bitumen. But we can grow our economy by applying technology to reduce our carbon output per barrel.
Proposed pipelines span the breadth of Canada: Petrol industry had the privilege of decades to polish efficiency, production, technology, infrastructure, and maximize combustion efficiency. If you think the climate is vulnerable to even small changes in concentrations of greenhouse gases—as Hansen and others do—then we have already gone too far.
InRobert Bell of the Geological Survey of Canada commented, "The banks of the Athabasca would furnish an inexhaustible supply of fuel If we assume thatBTUs of energy inputs are approximately the equivalent of a 2.
This has become a major factor in the close economic partnership shared by the two countries. The estimate of how many more barrels of oil are buried deeper underground is staggering.
Pew—whose family trust is now a major funder of some anti-oil sands environmental groups—in-vested heavily in Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. Glenbow Archives Since that bold beginning, the oil sands have seen boom and bust.
In the half-century since, oil sands producers have overcome the challenges of subarctic climate and wrenching oil price crashes. Cenovus Cenovus reported costs that were much lower than I expected.
List of countries by proven oil reserves The magnitude of the resources in the two countries is on the order of 3. To get more sand out of the ground they will need more trucks, operators, roads etc. How do you know when you have a social licence.
There is currently no limit on oil sands emissions, either by facility or industry-wide. Regardless, the world is presently on track to achieve concentrations well above that number.
The question lurking behind the fight in North America over Keystone, the tar sands and climate change generally is: Phases 2 and 3 plan to boost output tobarrels per day, with potential for further expansion tobarrels per day.
Did the facilities look well maintained or did it look like there were many opportunities for potential problems. It is typically transported to a refinery and refined into finished products like diesel, gasoline, and jet fuel.
That fleet of supertankers could collectively store some 1. Price of carbon A true price on carbonone that incorporates all the damages that could be inflicted by catastrophic climate change, is exactly what Hansen believes is needed to ensure that more fossil fuels, like the tar sands, stay buried.
Iran, Iraq, and Venezuela undercut that by increasing oil exports at rock bottom prices. So the pending Trans Mountain pipeline plan to triple oilsands exports, and increase oil tanker traffic under the Lions Gate Bridge up to seven-fold, is doomed. By Russ Finley on December 11, at Harper has strained relations between his government and the administration of President Barack Obama, which has delayed a decision on the proposed Keystone XL pipeline.
E verything about Alberta’s oil sands is huge – from the sheer scale of the billion-barrel resource in the ground, to the two-storey trucks that haul bitumen ore in the mines, to the $ Introduction.
Today’s article continues the series covering my recent trip to the Athabasca oil sands around Fort McMurray, Alberta. This is an annual trip that the Canadian government hosts for energy journalists, and expenses for the trip were paid for by the Canadian government.
Oil sands, also known as tar sands or crude bitumen, or more technically bituminous sands, are a type of unconventional petroleum thesanfranista.com sands are either loose sands or partially consolidated sandstone containing a naturally occurring mixture of sand, clay, and water, saturated with a dense and extremely viscous form of petroleum technically referred to as bitumen (or colloquially as tar.
A leading source of canadian energy The oil sands are a vital energy source for Canada and the world The world relies on an energy mix that includes oil, natural gas, coal, hydro, nuclear and renewables.
The Oil Sands Information Portal is a searchable data repository, providing maps, reports, graphs, tables and downloads of current and historical trends and details. Alberta today. The oil sands sector accounts for roughly one-quarter of Alberta’s annual emissions. Oil sands facilities are currently charged a Specified Gas Emitter Regulation (SGER) levy based on each individual facility’s historical emissions, irrespective of how intense (e.g.
tonnes of GHG per barrel produced) or efficient that operation has been.Albertas oil sands